Russian Federation
Capital:
Moscow
National currency:
Russian ruble
Official language:
Russian
Population:
146,7 million (2020)
Territory:
17,1 million km²
Major cities:
St Petersburg, Novosibirsk, Nizhny Novgorod, Yekaterinburg, Samara, Omsk, Chelyabinsk, Kazan, Perm, Ufa, Rostov-on-Don, Volgograd and Krasnoyarsk
Russian Economy
1. GDP (PPP) (USD Billion)
2. GDP growth rate
0.2 %
1.8 %
2.5 %
1.3 %
-2.95 %
2016
2017
2018
2019
2020
GDP (PPP)
4 133,10 USD Billion
Inflation
4.91 %
Unemployment rate
5.8 %
GNI per capita
10 690,00 USD
Refinancing Rate
4.25 %
Doing Business Ranking
28
Fitch Rating
BBB
Moody's Rating
Baa3
S&P Rating
BBB-
Foreign Trade
Foreign Trade Turnover (USD Billion)
Foreign Trade Turnover
571,90 USD Billion
Export
338,20 USD Billion
Import
233,70 USD Billion
1. China
104,00
2. Germany
42,00
3. Belarus
36,40
4. Netherlands
28,60
5. United States
23,90
6. Turkey
21,00
7. Italy
20,30
8. Kazakhstan
20,00
9. Republic of Korea
19,60
10. China
109,50

Russia is the largest country by area in the world, spanning both Europe and Asia.

Key Figures 

  • 1/8 of Earth's surface
  • 11 time zones (GMT + 2 GMT + 12)
  • 4 climate zones (arctic, subarctic, temperate, subtropical)

Governance

Russia is a democratic federal law-bound State with a republican form of government. The state power in the Russian Federation is divided into legislative, executive and judicial branches.

The Russian Parliament – the Federal Assembly consists of two chambers, the Federation Council and the State Duma.

Administrative Divisions - 85 equal subjects (republics, krais, oblasts, federal cities, autonomous oblasts, autonomous okrugs).

Public Holidays

January 1 - New Year’s Day (holidays: January 1-6, 8)

January 7 - Orthodox Christmas (holiday)

February 23 - Defender of the Fatherland Day (holiday)

March 8 - International Women's Day (holiday)

May 1 - Spring and Labour Day (holiday)

May 9 - Victory Day (holiday)

June 12 - Russia Day (holiday)

November 4 - National Unity Day (holiday)

 Russia in International and Regional Economic Organizations

UN (donor country)

WTO (member)

EAEU (member)

APEC (member)

OECD (observer)

Eureka (member)

Ratified International Agreements

Paris Agreement

United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UN FCCC)

Montreal Protocol on Substances That Deplete the Ozone Layer

Rotterdam Convention on the Prior Informed Consent Procedure for Certain Hazardous Chemicals and Pesticides in International Trade 

Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants

Basel Convention on the Control of Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes and Their Disposal